The Indian Summer – Oka 1990


It was the ‘Indian Summer’ of 1990 (video below) and I remember what unfolded that Summer at the Lake of Two Mountains as if were yesterday.

This conflict began when the Mayor of Oka decided it was going to be fine to proceed with the expansion of a private golf course onto the traditional Mohawk lands at Kanehsatake .

The immediate cause of the crisis was the 1989 announcement by the mayor of Oka, Jean Ouellette, that the remainder of the pines would be cleared to expand the private, members-only golf club course to eighteen holes. In addition, he had approved development of sixty luxury condominiums in a section of the pines. As the Office of Native Claims had rejected the Mohawk claim on the land three years earlier, his office did not consult the Mohawk on the plans. No environmental or historic preservation review was undertaken. Not all the people in Oka approved of the plans, but opponents found the mayor’s office unwilling to discuss them.

‘Must the graveyard be made into a golf course’?

Newsflash: On Wed, August 29, 1990, for those too young to remember, Lt. Gen. Ken Foster, of the Canadian Armed Forces, was  prepared to send in Leopard tanks to crush the Mohawk protest. More APCs (armored personnel carrier) were on there way from Farnham Military Base in the Eastern Townships.

Map of Mohawk communities; including Kanasatake (Oka)

Ellen Gabriel, the media spokesperson for Kanasatake back in 1990 shared these words with us in a 2000 interview with Kate Shingler of Concordia University’s ‘Thursday Report’:


Mohawk educator and spokesperson Ellen Gabriel feels that little has changed since ‘the Oka Crisis of 1990.’ “Most people don’t really understand what happened,” she said. “We were standing in the way of a multi-million dollar project.”

Gabriel spoke of her desire to return to a more peaceful way of living. “Violence is not the answer. Education is. To be hateful against somebody just poisons you inside.”

or ( Name: ‘Kanehsatake: 270 Years of Resistance’)

 Brian McIlroy, in his chapter on Kanehsatake: 270 Years of Resistance for the book The Cinema of Canada, states that:

It is clear that without Obomsawin’s 1993 film, the history of Oka circa 1990 would be dominated by [Prime Minister Brian] Mulroney’s assertion, reproduced in the documentary, that the armed Mohawks were criminals and illegally wielding weapons.

Website Editor: I remember Oka unfold like it was yesterday. Yet many non-aboriginal Canadians I have spoken with today, including new Canadians, were not old enough to remember these events. Others were old enough but simply busy starting their new lived in Canada having just arrived in Canada fleeing oppression in their own homelands. Yet others, born in Canada, expressed indifference.

They could not see the relevance of that ‘Indian Summer’ for their own lives in the years that would follow.

The Oka Crisis. Over 100 heavily-armed Québec provincial police raided a Mohawk blockade at Kanesatake/Oka on June 11. In an initial fire-fight, one cop is shot & killed. Following a 77-day armed standoff began. Eventually it came to involve 2,000 police and 4,500 Canadian soldiers, deployed against both Kanesatake & Kahnawake. The Oka Crisis inspired solidarity actions across country, including road and rail blockades and sabotage of bridges and electrical pylons.

Martial Law

The Mohawks, like other aboriginals on Turtle Island, have long understood what lock-down feels like.

If troops can be used on the Mohawks of Kanasatake (Oka) they can also be used on – ‘you.’

Note: The police and soldiers are not our enemies. They are  employees, just like varied levels of politicians, who have been hired as salesmen to do a job.’

Comparison: ‘The Oka Crisis was Canada’s Wounded Knee ( referring to the American Indian Movement (AIM) protest against the U.S. government’s ignoring its treaty obligations). This happened in South Dakota in 1973).

Strategy: Martial Law is implemented through a ‘red-green show’ of ‘Emergency Management (Red)’ and ‘Environmental Language (Green)’ to grab land from us and remove our liberties.

Our education system, more so in recent years, is less about providing students with useful skills as much as it is indoctrinating them to better become useful parts in the technocracy.

This is not necessarily one particular ‘government’ or a ‘system’ alone. It is more about a mentality.  It is unquestionably ‘the worship of a Golden Calf‘.


The G7/G20 meetings being held around the world are themselves a worship of this golden calf (‘salvation through making lots of money’).

Internet Lockdown

Using the Cloud in order to control the flow of information. This includes agenda setting and gatekeeping to decide what stories get covered on the evening news and which stories get omitted.

Whoever controls the narrative – ‘has the edge’

The Greatest Generation: Our World War II Grandparents did not go to fight and watch their buddies die fighting dictatorships overseas just for a dictatorship to be made here on this continent.

The Wool Removed

The Kanasatkake Mohawks stood up in 1990 and thus ‘pulled back the curtain’ to show the true shades of a Technocracy trying at hegemony on this very continent.

‘We honor your courage for doing so’




This Land is OUR LAND. The Mohawk Revolt at Oka(a photographic book on the Oka Crisis). Craig MacLaine & Michael.S. Baxendale (1990)

Kanehsatake: 270 Years of Resistance. Alanis Obamsowin (1993) , National Film Board Canada

McIlroy, Brian (2006). “Kanehsatake: 270 Years of Resistance”. The Cinema of Canada. London: Wallflower. p. 180.

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